struct const class sys::Int

sys::Obj
  sys::Num
    sys::Int

@Serializable { simple=true }

Int is used to represent a signed 64-bit integer.

abs

Int abs()

Return the absolute value of this integer. If this value is positive then return this, otherwise return the negation.

and

Int and(Int b)

Bitwise-and of this and b.

clip

Int clip(Int min, Int max)

Clip this integer between the min and max. If its less than min then return min, if its greater than max return max, otherwise return this integer itself.

compare

virtual override Int compare(Obj obj)

Compare based on integer value.

decrement

@Operator
Int decrement()

Decrement by one. Shortcut is --a or a--.

defVal

const static Int defVal := 0

Default value is zero.

div

@Operator
Int div(Int b)

Divide this by b. Shortcut is a/b.

divFloat

@Operator
Float divFloat(Float b)

Divide this by b. Shortcut is a/b.

equals

virtual override Bool equals(Obj? obj)

Return true if same integer value.

equalsIgnoreCase

Bool equalsIgnoreCase(Int ch)

Return if the two Unicode chars are equal without regard to ASCII case.

fromDigit

Int? fromDigit(Int radix := 10)

Convert a Unicode digit character into a number for the specified radix. Return null if this char is not a valid digit.

Example:

'3'.fromDigit     => 3
'f'.fromDigit(16) => 15
'%'.fromDigit     => null
fromStr

static new fromStr(Str s, Int radix := 10, Bool checked := true)

Parse a Str into a Int using the specified radix. Unless the radix is 10, then a leading minus sign is illegal. If invalid format and checked is false return null, otherwise throw ParseErr.

hash

virtual override Int hash()

Return this.

increment

@Operator
Int increment()

Increment by one. Shortcut is ++a or a++.

isAlpha

Bool isAlpha()

Return if this Unicode char is an ASCII alpha char: isUpper||isLower

isAlphaNum

Bool isAlphaNum()

Return if this Unicode char is an ASCII alpha-numeric char: isAlpha||isDigit

isDigit

Bool isDigit(Int radix := 10)

Return if this Unicode char is an digit in the specified radix. A decimal radix of ten returns true for 0-9. A radix of 16 also returns true for a-f and A-F.

Example:

'3'.toDigit     => true
3.toDigit       => false
'B'.toDigit(16) => true
isEven

Bool isEven()

Return if this integer is evenly divisible by two.

isLower

Bool isLower()

Return if this Unicode char is an ASCII lowercase alphabetic char: a-z

isOdd

Bool isOdd()

Return if this integer is not evenly divisible by two.

isSpace

Bool isSpace()

Return if this Unicode char is whitespace: space \t \n \r \f

isUpper

Bool isUpper()

Return if this Unicode char is an ASCII uppercase alphabetic char: A-Z

lower

Int lower()

If this Unicode char is an ASCII uppercase char, then return it as lowercase, otherwise return this.

Example:

'A'.lower => 'a'
'h'.lower => 'h'
max

Int max(Int that)

Return the larger of this and the specified Int values.

maxVal

const static Int maxVal := 9223372036854775807

Maximum value which can be stored in a signed 64-bit Int: 9,223,372,036,854,775,807

min

Int min(Int that)

Return the smaller of this and the specified Int values.

minVal

const static Int minVal := -9223372036854775807 - 1

Minimum value which can be stored in a signed 64-bit Int: -9,223,372,036,854,775,808

minus

@Operator
Int minus(Int b)

Subtract b from this. Shortcut is a-b.

minusFloat

@Operator
Float minusFloat(Float b)

Subtract b from this. Shortcut is a-b.

mod

@Operator
Int mod(Int b)

Return remainder of this divided by b. Shortcut is a%b.

modFloat

@Operator
Float modFloat(Float b)

Return remainder of this divided by b. Shortcut is a%b.

mult

@Operator
Int mult(Int b)

Multiply this with b. Shortcut is a*b.

multFloat

@Operator
Float multFloat(Float b)

Multiply this with b. Shortcut is a*b.

negate

@Operator
Int negate()

Negative of this. Shortcut is -a.

not

Int not()

Bitwise not/inverse of this.

or

Int or(Int b)

Bitwise-or of this and b.

plus

@Operator
Int plus(Int b)

Add this with b. Shortcut is a+b.

plusFloat

@Operator
Float plusFloat(Float b)

Add this with b. Shortcut is a+b.

pow

Int pow(Int pow)

Return this value raised to the specified power. Throw ArgErr if pow is less than zero.

random

static Int random(Range? r := null)

Generate a random number. If range is null then all 2^64 integer values (both negative and positive) are produced with equal probability. If range is non-null, then the result is guaranteed to be inclusive of the range. Also see Float.random , Range.random , List.random , and Random.

Examples:

r := Int.random
r := Int.random(0..100)
shifta

Int shifta(Int b)

Bitwise arithmetic right-shift of this by b. The left-most bit is shifted into the highest bits performing like a signed shift. This is equivalent to the Java >> operator.

shiftl

Int shiftl(Int b)

Bitwise left shift of this by b.

shiftr

Int shiftr(Int b)

Bitwise right shift of this by b. Zero is shifted into the highest bits performing like an unsigned shift. This is equivalent to the Java >>> operator.

times

Void times(Func<Void,Int> f)

Call the specified function to this times passing the current counter. The counter begins at zero. Also see Range.each.

Example:

3.times |i| { echo(i) }  =>  0, 1, 2
toChar

Str toChar()

Map as a Unicode code point to a single character Str.

toCode

Str toCode(Int base := 10)

Get this Int as a Fantom code literal. Base must be 10 or 16.

toDigit

Int? toDigit(Int radix := 10)

Convert this number into a Unicode char 0-'9'. If radix is is greater than 10, then use a lower case letter. Return null if this number cannot be represented as a single digit character for the specified radix.

Example:

3.toDigit      => '3'
15.toDigit(16) => 'f'
99.toDigit     => null
toFloat

virtual override Float toFloat()

Convert this number to a Float.

toHex

Str toHex(Int width := 0)

Return hexdecimal string representation. If width is non-null, then leading zeros are prepended to ensure the specified number of nibble characters.

Examples:

255.toHex     =>  "ff"
255.toHex(4)  =>  "00ff"
toInt

virtual override Int toInt()

Convert this number to an Int.

toLocale

Str toLocale(Str? pattern := null)

Format this integer number for the current locale. If pattern is null, then the locale's default pattern is used. See Float.toLocale for pattern language. Fractional formatting is not supported for integers.

In addition Int.toLocale supports the "B" pattern which will format a number of bytes with the appropiate B, KB, MB, GB suffix based on the magnitide (1024B == 1KB).

Examples:

3.toLocale("00")             =>  03
3.toLocale("000")            =>  003
123456789.toLocale("#,###")  =>  123,456,789
123.toLocale("B")            =>  123B
1234.toLocale("B")           =>  1.2KB
100_000.toLocale("B")        =>  98KB
(3*1024*1024).toLocale("B")  =>  3MB
toRadix

Str toRadix(Int radix, Int width := 0)

Return string representation in given radix. If width is non-null, then leading zeros are prepended to ensure the specified width.

Examples:

255.toRadix(8)    =>  "ff"
255.toRadix(8, 3) =>  "00ff"
toStr

virtual override Str toStr()

Return decimal string representation.

upper

Int upper()

If this Unicode char is an ASCII lowercase char, then return it as uppercase, otherwise return this.

Example:

'a'.upper => 'A'
'4'.upper => '4'
xor

Int xor(Int b)

Bitwise-exclusive-or of this and b.